The OF-350 Frag-HE round has a maximum effective range of 600 meters at night and a maximum range of 4,000 meters. This light tank can embark and [12][13], This article is about the Soviet tank. Typical ammunition load consists of 20 HE-FRAG It will not be an airborne vehicle but should be amphibious. At this time, it can be said that the factory has mastered the stamping process. Vehicle is Buford, which did not entered service and the Chinese [3], In the Red Army, they were used to perform tasks in communication, reconnaissance, and as defense units on the march, as well as active infantry support on the battlefield. By its technological design, the T-37A was much more complicated than the T-27 tankette, which immediately caused complications not only at Factory No. 37 plant, as assessed by M. N. Svirin, purely with organizational measures. Nikolai Astrov, a Soviet engineer, having worked hard on the T-37A prototypes, wrote in his memoirs that "peace be unto the T-37A, born “Vickers-Carden-Loyd. Pages in category "Amphibious ground vehicles" The following 30 pages are in this category, out of 30 total. For the Soviet Union, established in 1922 after a lengthy and bloody civil war, there proved an additional quality of its light tanks that was sought - amphibious capability - and from this came the T-37 and T-38 series of light tanks appearing during the early- and mid-1930s. sea worthy up to Sea State 3. Spent cases are The gunner completes al the aiming and firing was delivered for official military trials in 2020. The T-37A program has, instead of 250, produced only one workable hull in this half of the year. Helicopters     The early T-37A’s did not differ much from the later, series-produced tanks – the earlier ones lacked wave-diffusing shields and floats. It was also intended for water obstacle fording operations and naval infantry landings. variable height control. However, the events that followed showed the excessive optimism shown by the leadership of the trust responsible for the factory. comparable to that of Russian The tank was mass-produced starting in 1933 up until 1936, when it was replaced with the more modern T-38, based on the T-37A. This light tank has a hydropneumatic suspension with The tank was mass-produced starting in 1933 up until 1936, when it was replaced with the more modern T-38, based on the T-37A. It is transportable by military cargo aircraft or large vessels and is air-droppable from plane mid-air using a parachute. Otechestvenniye Bronirovanniye Mashiny – XX Vek, Tom 3: 1946–1965. Also, in 1934, slight changes were made to the T-37A design: the thickness of the sides and the front were increased to 10 mm, the curved stern piece hulls were replaced with stamped ones, and the over-track floats were rolled back and stuffed with cork, and they have become empty on the inside. It cannot produce and ship the armor in June due to a lack of ferroalloys. The tank was first created in 1932, based on the British Vickers tankette and other operational amphibious tanks. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The trust itself was formed as a governing organ for coordinating large-scale efforts to develop new models of armored vehicles in a number of plants across the country, and subsequently played a significant role in the successful carrying out of this task, but at the beginning of 1933 it couldn’t overcome the “antediluvian” state of equipment at the No. Its main role is to support Furthermore it is fully amphibious. In addition to the Leningrad OKMO, the Number 2 plant of the All-Soviet Automotive Union (VATO), which was already producing armored vehicles for the Red Army, was relegated to the development and production of amphibious armored vehicles. [20], On April 24, 1972, the US special experimental 1st Combat Aerial TOW Team arrived in Vietnam. 37 built 30 amphibious tanks (12 of which were T-41’s) instead of the 255 needed to fulfill the established plan. The vehicle is manned by a three-member crew, which includes driver, commander and gunner. In 1933, the No. The program for producing the T-27 hulls was fully completed. The tank … There is a small, thin, horizontal skirt over each track. They purchased foreign equipment for two new wings of the No. Also, in 1934, slight changes were made to the T-37A design: the thickness of the sides and the front were increased to 10 mm, the curved stern piece hulls were replaced with stamped ones, and the over-track floats were rolled back and stuffed with cork, and they have become empty on the inside. [11][27], Cuban and FAPLA units deployed PT-76s during the long-running Angolan Civil War (1975–2002). Add-on skirts can be fitted for a higher level of protection. The T-37A were used in large numbers during the Soviet invasion of Poland and in the Winter War against Finland. The first successful action of NVA armor in Vietnam was against the Lang Vei Special Forces camp on 6/7 February 1968[16] (they had already been used in the preceding Battle of Ban Houei Sane, which was just across the border in Laos however). ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- airborne combat vehicle. In Soviet Russia, the so-called armoured forces (броневые силы) preceded the Tank Corps. By its technological design, the T-37A was much more complicated than the T-27 tankette, which immediately caused complications not only at Factory No. It allows to The laser-guided anti-tank missiles are derived from 9M119M1 Shortly afterwards, some returning F-4 Phantom jet fighter bombers, with ordnance to expend, observed the PT-76 and bombed the remainder of the vehicle. The "Vietnam Tracks-Armor In Battle." [1] Development of an improved version of the tank that would fix these flaws was begun in late 1934 at Factory No. This tank is airportable and can be paradropped. [25], During the battle 8 Pakistani M24 Chaffee tanks were destroyed, 3 captured at the cost of 2 PT-76. The first Selezen prototype, which was designated the T-33, was built in March 1932 and showed good buoyancy during testing. The main reason for this situation is the transfer of the hulls to the stamping and cementation without serious enough preventive and preparative measures. In order to facilitate faster production, Factory No. In the confined terrain of Finland, the tank was a deathtrap; it also did not do well in the early stages of World War II, and large numbers were captured by the Germans during Operation Barbarossa. The T-37A program has, instead of 250, produced only one workable hull in this half of the year. The vehicle has a side clutch that enables it to make turns and a handbrake. To make a 180° turn, one water-jet sucks in water while the other pushes it out. The T-37A was a Soviet amphibious light tank. 10 North Vietnamese PT-76 faced American M48 Patton tanks. The hydro-pneumatic type suspension system installed in the vehicle offers improved driving comfort over all types of terrain. The T-38 amphibious scout tank was a Soviet amphibious light tank that saw service in World War II. But this enterprise, although there was considerable capacity, has been directed other orders for armored cars for the needs of Navy of the Soviet Union, as well as the production of hulls for the Leningrad plants producing armored cars and T-26 and T-28 tanks. The two on the corners are for flat type external tanks and the two in the center are for a drum type. This only worsened the situation and slowed the introduction of the T-37A. "Tanks In The Wire." Sprut-SDM1 can be paradropped with the crew on board. As a result, at the 2nd VATO plant, under the supervision of N. N. Kozyrev, the T-41 amphibious tank was produced, weighing 3.5 tons and using the GAZ-AA engine, which was based on the T-27 power plant. Talks about filling the order did not drag on, and by June 1932, Vickers had already produced and shipped two of the first tanks for the Soviets. They developed light, floating tanks to General Staff requirements (A4E11 etc). It also has two headlights in front of the hull and a searchlight on the right-hand side of the top of the turret. In 1957, the D-56T gun was replaced with the D-56TM - with double-baffle muzzle brake and fume extractor - and the hull was raised by 13 cm, additionally the tank was equipped with new vision and communications devices. In order to facilitate faster production, Factory No. The driver’s seat is located in the front end of the hull, while the gunner and commanders are seated in the turret. It is widely thought that the T-37A was a copy of the Vickers floating tank, with the Soviet purchase of such tanks in mind. The T-38 also had a slightly wider and lower profile than its predecessor, providing an advantage in buoyancy that made the cork buoys used on the T-37A unnecessary. It can penetrate 280 mm of armour at 1,000 meters. It can be fired in 2 to 10 round bursts and has a practical rate of fire of 250 rounds per minute and a cyclic rate of fire of 650 rounds per minute. There is a manual bilge pump for emergency use. [18] Switching the driver's periscope for a swimming periscope enables the driver to see over the trim vane. Sprut-SDM1 can launch anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary projectiles. Currently, the factory has the necessary materials and has started to produce an armor sheet…[10]. Sprut-SD. The vehicle offers protection to the onboard crew from nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) threats, as well as from small shells and splinters. This reduces his effectiveness as an observer. The loader has the MK-4 observation device mounted on the turret's roof in front of the hatch. 37, expecting to receive no more than 800 tanks. The tank was subsequently modified. BMD-4M Though currently Russian naval infantry has got no automatically ejected behind the turret. As a result, mid-1934 was marked by a change in leadership of the plant, and only towards the end of the year, there had been a positive trend in the manufacturing process. BMD-4M Sprut-SDM1 weights just 18 t. Mobility, rapid redeployment and air These measures, however, did not improve the situation; the number of assembled tanks was significantly lower than planned. engagement method is called "hunter-killer" and is present on all anti-tank gun, or tank destroyer. Sprut-SDM1 light amphibious tank is an upgraded version of the Sprut-SD tank operated by the Russian Airborne Troops. T-37 A were also used by the Soviets in the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, but most of them were quickly lost. [2] The redesign proved to be so extensive that the project was given the independent designation T-38, and a prototype was completed by June 1935. 37 but to its subcontractor – the Podolsk Electric Locomotive Plant, which was producing the hulls of the new T-37A’s. The engine compartment is located at the rear portion of the vehicle. Overall, after four years of production, 2552 T-37 A were produced, including the original prototypes. The first Selezen prototype, which was designated the T-33, was built in March 1932 and showed good buoyancy during testing. were retired in 2015. Failure of the “Podolsk KrekIng” factory to produce the hulls; An unready and unrefined technological manufacturing process; This page was last edited on 8 June 2020, at 12:16. Naval The PT-76 is a reliable, simple to operate and highly mobile reconnaissance vehicle and is ideally designed for amphibious operations, but it has many limitations as a fighting vehicle. T-90MS

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