The 1958 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa has 300 PS / 296 bhp / 221 kW horsepower. For the 1959 season, the 250 TR body design was lightly revised by Pinin Farina, with fabrication of the bodies handled by Fantuzzi. Range Rover, Porsche and BMW have been in the SUV game for years. One spark plug was used per cylinder and the position was changed from earlier 250 designs, now located outside the engine vee between exhaust ports. [32] Notable drivers included Phil Hill, Olivier Gendebien, Luigi Musso, Peter Collins, Dan Gurney, Wolfgang von Trips and Mike Hawthorne, among others. Six two-barrel Weber 38 DCN carburetors fed the engine, increased from the 3 carburetors typical for 250 GT engines. Become A Contributor What separates these Testa Rossas from other race cars is the sublime exterior design, which was created by Sergio Scaglietti. ‘250 Testa Rossa’. Hawthorn was an Alfa Romeo driver, and was actually tragically killed in a wreck earlier in the season. Drum brakes were unpopular with drivers as they required tremendous physical exertion to operate, due to lack of servo assist and the extremely hard, long-lasting pads used for endurance races. Only 21 units of Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa are done, two of them specifically for the purposes of car manufacturers and 19 units belong to the lucky customer. These results led to World Sports Car Championship constructor's titles for Ferrari in 1958, 1960 and 1961. The 250 Testa Rossa was designed to offer customers already racing with the 500 TRC a much more powerful engine on a similar chassis to help retain the former model’s great handling. The two ended up winning the race, giving Ferrari their third win at Le Mans, and it was also the first time an American (Phil Hill) won the race. How much does a Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa weighs? The Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa, or 250 TR, is a racing sports car built by Ferrari from 1957 to 1961. Instead of the rounded tail with fairing for the driver's head, the TRI61 had a very high rear body that met the trailing edge of the side windows and tapered to a truncated, slightly concave Kamm tail. After testing the prototype with the deflector, driver Richie Ginther commented that high-speed stability seemed to improve with only a slight reduction in top speed, leading to the inclusion of this feature on all 1961 bodies. The Ferrari engineers had in effect created a rear spoiler, well before engineers understood the aerodynamic theory behind them and integrated them into many car designs. The resulting engine was designated Tipo 128 and generated 300 hp (220 kW) at 7000 rpm. This hastily prepared prototype was based on a 290 MM chassis and had conventional bodywork by Scaglietti very similar to that of the 4-cylinder 500 TR, except for a large hood bulge. He eventually sold his business to Ferrari and the name Scaglietti is still seen on the factory where many Ferrari bodies are assembled. [1][15], Dry sump lubrication systems became standard equipment for all 250 TRs in 1960. [49][50] Some of these reproductions have been unscrupulously represented as original, factory-built 250 TRs. Road & Track participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. We’ve found and reviewed the best Sports Coupes to help you find your cool sports car. [1]. [47][48], The value, performance and historical significance ascribed to the 250 TR have motivated many individuals and companies to create reproduction automobiles. [5] This bodystyle was called an "open coupe" and was very similar to bodies used on mid-engined Ferrari sports racers such as the 1961 246 SP. Not only was the 250 Testa Rossa (TR) one of Ferrari’s most successful race cars on the track, but it also had unorthodox, but purposeful body by Scaglietti & C. Developed for the 1958 season, the 250 Testa Rossa was designed for both Scuderia Ferrari and private entrants. Prunet, Antione. This increased the overall reliability of the engine by improving head gasket sealing. What’s the difference between a supercar and a hypercar? They used a nose similar to the period F1 cars with cutaway fenders sometimes called sponsons. [1][14][15], The 1959 250 TR was the first Ferrari sports car to use disc brakes (manufactured by Dunlop). The idea was to expose the large brake drums to aid in cooling. Fast estate cars deliver a mouth-watering combination of a powerful engine up front with a huge boot out back, making these cars among the best all-rounders money can buy. [13][14][6] The helical valve springs were much smaller than previously used torsion springs, allowing the cylinder heads to be strengthened and secured with 24 studs rather than 18 in previous 250 engines. The cylinder heads used single overhead cams, 2 valves per cylinder and helical double-coil valve springs (a first for Ferrari). All customer cars had left hand drive Scaglietti "pontoon fender" bodies and live rear axles. Prior to that had several AMG C63 sedans and a bunch of not fun cars before that. Enzo Ferrari insisted on the use of drum brakes in the early 250 TRs as he believed they were more reliable and predictable in how they faded compared to more powerful but relatively new disc brakes. This engine produced 390 hp (290 kW) at 7500 rpm, significantly more power than the 250-series 3.0L unit. As a result, the new Fantuzzi-built TRI61 body incorporated a number of dramatic changes, informed by new aerodynamic theories and wind-tunnel testing. Other Ferrari racing cars (250 GTO, 250 P) achieved racing success with the same basic engine well into the 1960s, years after the 250 TR chassis was obsolete. [1][6][13][14], The distinctive cutaway-nose bodywork of the 1958 cars became the most iconic 250 TR style and was used on all cars sold new to private customers. Fantuzzi's suggestion that the twin intakes would improve air penetration was confirmed by Chiti's wind tunnel testing, leading to the adoption of this style throughout Ferrari's 1961 racing cars. All 250 TRs had 2-seater spider bodies, as did the earlier 4-cylinder Testa Rossas. For the 1962 season, Ferrari developed the final iteration of the front-engined Testa Rossa, the 330 TRI/LM (LM standing for Le Mans). Last modified August 7, 2016, Buche de Noel (Yule Log Cake), A Delicious “Woody Pieces”. We may earn a commission through links on our site. It was introduced at the end of the 1957 racing season in response to rule changes that enforced a maximum engine displacement of 3 liters for the 24 Hours of Le Mans and World Sports Car Championship races. [5], 1959 cars that were updated to 1960 specification (minus independent rear suspension) are often designated as 250 TR59/60. Compared to the 500 TR, the wheelbase was extended by 10 cm to 2.35 meters. Developed for the 1958 season, the 250 Testa Rossa was designed for both Scuderia Ferrari and private entrants. Despite this historiographical systematization, the low-production, hand-built nature of these cars and their use and modification in period mean that differences are most thoroughly explained in the context of an individual chassis' history. The biggest change from the 250 TR was a Tipo 163 4.0 Liter Colombo V12 developed from the engine of the 400 Superamerica, further improved with Testa Rossa cylinder heads and other modifications seen on 250 TR engines. The cutaway nose with pontoon fenders was gone, replaced by a more aerodynamic design that still incorporated many ventilation grilles and air inlets. Regular tech executive by day, car nut by night. Ferrari announced the 250 Testa Rossa at their pre-season press conference held in November 1957. From the first models to the latest Ferrari hypercars, we have HD wallpapers of all of them. 250 Testa Rossa. The instrumentation and controls were completely focused around the driver. The 250 Testa Rossa was initially developed to compete in the 1957 World Sports Car Championship racing season, in response to rule changes planned for the upcoming 1958 season that would enforce a maximum engine displacement of 3 liters. It is really hard for a supercar to qualify as a hypercar. [1], 1957 and 1958 250 TRs were equipped with drum brakes on all four wheels. [1][13] The excess drag resulted in a top speed of 161 mph (259 km/h) down the Mulsanne Straight at Le Mans. The Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa top speed is 270 Km/h / 168 mph. The 250 GTO, 250 P and 250 LM achieved racing success with this engine.[1][13][14]. Factory drivers Luigi Musso, Mike Hawthorn, Peter Collins, Wolfgang Von Trips, Phil Hill, Oliver Gendebien and Wolfgang Seidel usually ran alongside several privateers which meant that Ferrari outnumbered the competition at every major race. As factory involvement was limited to the larger races, private entrants were left to contend the SCCA and smaller European events. They created an exceptionally durable engine, a massive benefit in endurance racing. This allowed the engine to sit lower in the chassis, lowering the car's center of mass for improved handling and enabling a lower, more aerodynamic front profile. As with other Ferrari racing cars, Enzo Ferrari demanded absolute reliability from all components, resulting in a somewhat conservative design approach that aimed for endurance racing success through durability rather than overall speed. Generically, the Testa Rossa’s built for the World Sportscar Championship progressively modified throughout the seasons. The instrumentation and controls were completely focused around the driver.

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